What are Cryptocurrencies and how they work

What are Cryptocurrencies and how they work


Cryptocurrencies, for example, Ethereum, Bitcoin, and Litecoin are digital currencies. That offer a peer-to-peer payment system that is independent of a bank or credit card company. These cryptocurrencies, or coins, use blockchain technology which designed to make transactions of all kinds secure, transparent, and accurate.


A blockchain is a record of digital transactions that acts as a public ledger. The ledger maintained by a computer network that verifies transactions through solving complicated cryptographic math problems.

How it works

It works like this. When an individual makes a transaction, an encrypted message describing the transaction is sent over the network. The computers in the network then race to solve the equation to decrypt the message. Once the equation solved, a result the transaction made and recorded in the public ledger. This process of maintaining the blockchain is often called mining. Because of those who successfully verify transactions receive cryptocurrency as a reward.

The mining

The mining process is one way that an individual can acquire cryptocurrency or coins. In addition, individuals can also acquire coins when they accept them as payment or buy them from a digital exchange.

There are some potential advantages to investing in cryptocurrencies. Many investors see them as speculation opportunities. Others believe they can help balance risk by adding diversity to a typical portfolio. However, like many emerging new technologies, cryptocurrencies are high-risk. The price of coins is extremely volatile and can change by hundreds or even thousands of dollars in a single day. Additionally, since cryptocurrencies are not stored in bank or brokerage accounts, there are no regulatory protections available.

there are ways to gain exposure to cryptocurrencies without actually owning them. For example, clients can buy stock in companies associated with cryptocurrencies, like those that create hardware used for mining. Clients can also invest in funds with cryptocurrency holdings, and qualified clients can trade Bitcoin futures. These types of investments allow investors to speculate on the direction of cryptocurrency prices. But still have unique and significant risks to consider. No matter how you choose to participate in the cryptocurrency market remember that as with any investment, it’s important to determine your risk tolerance, conduct thorough research, and monitor your positions carefully.